TECHNICAL NOTE: Health Programming in Middle Income Countries
The world’s Middle-Income Countries (MICs) are a diverse group by size, population, and income level. They are defined as lower middle-income economies - those with a GNI per capita between $1,006 and $3,955; and upper middle-income economies - those with a GNI per capita between $3,956 and $12,235 (2018). Middle income countries are home to 75 per cent of the world’s population and 62 per cent of the world’s poor. At the same time, MICs represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth (based on definitions and country classification by the World Bank).
The purpose of this note is to provide suggested actions that health programmes in middle income countries (MICs) may consider for adoption based on their specific country context. The various actions suggested are illuminated by case studies wherever possible.